Ten Different Types Of Arthritis. 

 March 8, 2024

By  Linda Rook

Achilles Tendon


Arthritis is inflammation of one or more joints. Which causes pain called ‘arthralgia’ and stiffness.  Arthritis is common in adult, but can affect some children, this is called ‘Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis’.

Arthritis, such as osteoarthritis, has symptoms that include pain swelling stiffness and a decrease of movement in your joints. The other type is in the umbrella of rheumatoid arthritis where the symptoms attack your immune system, and attacks your organs for example your lungs. 

There are a hundred different types of arthritis, which can develop in millions of people worldwide.

While arthritis is commonly known in the elderly, it can affect people from the old people to your little toddlers.

In this blog I will show you ten common different types of arthritis with there unique symptoms, treatment, and causes.

What are joints?

Osteoarthritis or (OA) is the most common form of arthritis. OA mainly affects the joints. Joints are two or more bones that are fixed together, with a flexible tissue, covering the ends of bones, that cushions the joints, allowing you to move smoothly without pain.

When you develop arthritis, these joints slowly decline and the cartilage slowly wears away which leads to the two bones at the joints, to rub together.  Therefore, when you move, they may rub together resulting in pain, swelling, and reduced flexibility, you will be able to hear the grinding sounds as you move.

Arthritis and the causes.

There are two main types of arthritis:

Rheumatoid arthritis is a group of arthritis that attacks your immune system, that can result in a  systemic disease.

Osteoarthritis, this one is caused by wear and tear on the cartilages; this can be natural ageing or an injury called post-traumatic arthritis.

Whether the cause of arthritis, is injury, disease or wear and tear, the joints become inflamed, swelling, pain and stiffness. The inflammation of the arthritic joints may cause long-term or even permanent disability.

Description of Different types of arthritis.

Osteoarthritis. (OA)

What is Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis, and is deterioration of the joints that breaks down the cartilage.

The cartilage is a flexible tissue that covers the ends of bones that cushions the ends of the joints allowing you to move smoothly without pain.  But, with OA the cartilage wears away and you are left with the two bones rubbing together, causing you pain and you will be able to hear the cracking an cricking noises when you move.

  • Causes
    The following list are causes of osteoarthritis which can develop at any age.
    1. Age:
    2. Joint Overuse or Injury:
    3. Genetics:
    4. Obesity:  
    5. Joint Misalignment: 
Fingers bent due to OA


The symptoms of osteoarthritis could include: 

  • Joint Pain: 
  • Stiffness: 
  • Inflammation and Swelling: 
  • Reduced Range of Motion: 
  • Cartilage decreases: 
  • Joint Changes. 

There are some treatment that you can do to help with the pain and stiffness, Unfortunately, this disease is incurable, this means that you can only treat the symptoms and improve the joint function.

The following may include:

•Pain Medications: Your doctor will prescribe you with pain relieving gel or pills. Or you could have over the counter pain relieving drugs.


•Physical Therapy: Your doctor may send you to a physio to improve your joint flexibility and strengthen your muscles.

•Lifestyle Modification: There may be a disabled shop near you that can help you with devices that may help you to do activities that you may have difficult with.

•Injections: You could have Corticosteroid or hyaluronic acid injections in the joints, this reduces inflammation and increases the joint lubrication, therefore helping you move.

•Surgery: In severe cases, joint replacement surgery may be considered.

In my case, I have had a right hip replacement since the 1970s as I have osteoarthritis, but unfortunately, I now have OA in my other hip, knees, elbow and shoulders, with the bottom of my spine wonky since the artificial hip operation left me with one leg longer than the other.

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA).

What is Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that affects the joints, as in osteoarthritis, but it also attacks your organs.  It is done by attacking your healthy tissues of the joints, leading to inflammation and pain the joints.  Also RA attacks both sides or the body, therefore if you develop RA in the left wrist you will develop it in your right wrist. If this is not treated correctly and promptly it can lead to  damage and deformity. 

Rheumatoid arthritis can affect both large and small joints in your body also the spine the causes can include:



  • Genetics:
  • Environmental Triggers: 
  • Hormonal.


•Autoimmune Response.

•Symmetrical Joint Involvement.

•Joint Swelling and Pain.

•Cartilage and Bone Damage.

•Systemic Effects.

•Rheumatoid Nodules.

Cartilage of the knee


1.Clinical Examination:  Your doctor may send you to a specialist who will assesses your symptoms.
2.Blood Tests: You may be taken for a blood test,
3.Imaging Studies: This includes an x-rays, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
4.Medications: You could be prescribed Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and biologics, they can slow down the progression of the disease.                                                                5.Physical Therapy: Your doctor may send you for some exercises and physical therapy that will keep your joint flexibility and strength longer.
6.Changing your Lifestyle: If you are obese or over weight you should go on a healthy diet.
7.Surgery: In advanced cases, you may be told that you need a joint replacement, which means a replacement joint.

Psoriatic Arthritis.

What is Psoriatic Arthritis.

Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a type of inflammatory arthritis, and is in the RA group of arthritis, that affects some people with psoriasis, which is an autoimmune disease that affects the skin. The symptoms of psoriasis mainly development red, scaly patches on the skin, while psoriatic arthritis involves joint inflammation and potentially leading to joint damage.

Rash on the arm or psoriasis.

Causes .
3.Environmental Triggers:

1.Associated with Psoriasis.

2.Joint Inflammation.

3.Asymmetric Joint Involvement.



6.Nail Changes.

7.Spinal Involvement.


Psoriasis - rash on the arm

1.Medications: You could be prescribed Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and biologics, they can slow down the progression of the disease.  
2.Physical Therapy: Your doctor may send you for some exercises and physical therapy that will keep your joint flexibility and strength longer.
3.Lifestyle Modifications: It is important to eat healthy and manage your stress.
4.Injections: Injections such as Corticosteroid injections can help the affected joints and may provide pain relief.
5.Surgery: In severe cases, joint replacement surgery may be considered.

Pain at the bottom of spine

Ankylosing Spondylitis.

What is Ankylosing Spondylitis?
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a type of inflammatory arthritis that attacks the spine, particularly the joints between the vertebrae and the sacroiliac joint, also the ligaments.
Over time, this can lead to the fusion of the vertebrae, causing stiffness and immobility in the spine.

2.Environmental Factors.
3. Age.

2.Sacroiliac Joint.
4.Gradual Onset.
5.Pain and Stiffness.
6.Fatigue.                                                                                           7. Fever, weight loss, and eye inflammation.

Disease in the spine, from psoriatic arthritis.


1.Clinical Evaluation: A healthcare professional will assess the symptoms, do a physical examination, and review your medical history.
2.Imaging Studies: X-rays and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used, to see if there are any inflammation and structural changes in the spine and sacroiliac joints.
3.Blood Tests: the blood test will show the presence of HLA-B27 and markers of inflammation.
4.Medications: these are as before NSAIDs, DMARDs, and biologics.
2.Physical Therapy: In most arthritis exercises and physical therapy can help maintain flexibility and strength, helping better posture and function.
3.Lifestyle Modifications: Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including a healthy diet, and avoiding smoking.
4.Surgery: In severe cases, surgery may be considered to correct deformities or replace damaged joints.

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA)

What is Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis?

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) is a group of arthritic diseases that affects toddlers to teenagers. The term "idiopathic" is used to describe a disease with no identifiable cause, and "juvenile" means that it occurs in children from toddlers to the age of 16. JIA is the most common rheumatic disease in childhood, JIA is the main type that has several subtypes, each has its own unique symptoms, conditions and diagnosis.

Below is a list of some types of childhood arthritis.
They include.

  • 1.Oligoarthritis: .
  • 2.Polyarthritis:
  • 3.Systemic Onset Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: 
  • 4.Enthesitis-Related Arthritis: 
  • 5.Psoriatic Arthritis:
  • and much more... 

Symptoms of JIA.

The list below are symptoms that develop in childhood arthritis.

1.Joint Pain and Swelling.

2.Morning Stiffness.

3.Systemic Symptoms.

4.Eye Involvement.

5. Genetics and the environment.

Treatment for JIA.

The following list are treatments that can help with most of the sub-diseases of JIA.

  • Clinical Evaluation.
  • Blood Tests.
  • Imaging Studies.
  • Medications.
  • Physical Therapy.
  • Eye Care.
  • Supportive Care.
  • Management Approach.
Child in pain with JIA



Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis that is caused by a build-up of uric acid crystals in the joints. The uric acid is a natural by-product that is a result of the breakdown of purines. 

It happens when your body either produces too much uric acid, or is unable to completely remove it.  The crystals are formed and goes into the joints, which leads to your joints becoming painful and inflamed.  Gout normally affects your big toe but can be in the elbows ankles, knees or wrists.


1.    High Uric Acid Levels.

2.    Dietary Factors.

3.    Genetic.

4.    Medical Conditions.

5.    Medications.

Gout of the Big Toe


1.    Sudden and Severe Joint Pain.

2.    Inflammation. 

3.    Limited Range of Motion.

4.    Topical Nodules (Tophi).

5.    Systemic Symptoms.


  • Clinical Evaluation: Your doctor will assess you, by doing a physical examination, and review your medical history.
  • Joint Aspiration: The specialist may take fluid from the affected joint, to examine it for the presence of uric acid crystals.
  • Blood Tests: blood tests are done to measure the uric acid levels.
  • Imaging Studies:  You may have x-rays or ultrasound done for any damage.
  • Medications: You may be prescribed NSAIDs, colchicine, and corticosteroids to manage pain and inflammation during acute gout attacks.
  • Urate-Lowering Drugs: Medications such as allopurinol and febuxostat may help to lower uric acid levels and prevent any future gout attacks.
  • Lifestyle changes:  A healthy diet can help, also if you drink you should reducing the intake.
  • Hydration: Lastly you need to stay well-hydrated, this can help your body to remove excess uric acid.

Lupus Arthritis.

Lupus arthritis is another joint inflammation that mainly attacks the immune system and the healthy tissues throughout the body, which can lead to a many symptoms and may eventually lead to organ damage.


  • Symmetrical Joint Involvement.
  • Morning Stiffness.
  • Swelling and Pain.
  • Flares and Remissions.
  • Systemic Symptoms.
  • Deformities.


  • Autoimmune Response.
  • Genetic Factors.
  • Environmental Triggers.
Arthritic Hand


1.    Clinical Evaluation: Your doctor may send you to a rheumatologist, for an assessment, conduct a physical examination, and review your medical history.

2.    Blood Tests: A blood tests, can include a test for specific antibodies, these could be antinuclear antibodies (ANA).

3.    Imaging Studies: You will be taken for an x-rays, imaging or MRI, this can show how damaged your joints have gone.

4.    Medications: You may be prescribed NSAIDs, corticosteroids, DMARDs, these are to help you with controlling the inflammation.

5.    Immunosuppressants: In more severe cases you may have a immunosuppress done on the immune system.

6.    Lifestyle Modifications:  You should keep active and do regular exercise, and have a healthy diet can help.

7.    Treatment of Underlying Lupus: It is important to control the autoimmune response.

8.    Supportive Care: There are devices or gadgets that you can by from your local disability shop that can help you with your daily activities and help you to keep your quality of life.

Reactive Arthritis.

Reactive arthritis, also known as Reiter's syndrome, this type of inflammatory arthritis develops and responds to an infection in another part of the body. The other parts could be the urinary or gastrointestinal tract, this is called "reactive", as the joint inflammation occurs as a reaction to an infection. Reactive arthritis mainly affects the joints, causing pain, swelling, and stiffness.

Microscope of a infection or germ.


1.    Joint Inflammation.

2.    Asymmetrical Joint Involvement.

3.    Extra-Articular Manifestations.

4.    Infection Triggers.

5.    Urethritis and Conjunctivitis.

6.    Enthesitis.


1.    Infection.

2.    Genetic Factors.

3.    Age and Gender.


1.    Clinical Evaluation: Your doctor will assess you by a physical examination, also review your medical history, including any recent infections.

2.    Blood Tests: Blood tests may be done to check for any specific antibodies.

3.    Joint Aspiration: Joint fluid analysis may be done by taking fluid from the affected joint, it is done to see if there is any signs of inflammation and rule out other conditions.

4.    Microbiological Tests: These tests can show any infection, such as cultures or molecular tests for bacteria.

5.    Antibiotics:  Antibiotics may be prescribed if your reactive arthritis is triggered by a bacterial infection.

6.    Anti-Inflammatory Medications: NSAIDs could be used to help with your joint pain and inflammation, or you may be given DMARDs to adjust the disease.

7.    Physical Therapy: Exercises and physical therapy can help to help with your joints keeping them flexible and strengthen muscles.

Systemic Sclerosis (Scleroderma).

What is Systemic Sclerosis (Scleroderma):

Systemic sclerosis, commonly called scleroderma, is a rare autoimmune disease that attacks your connective tissues of the body.  The symptom is like a widespread fibrosis or (hardening or scarring) on the skin and internal organs. 


1.    Tightening of the skin. 

2.    Raynaud's Phenomenon:

3.    Internal Organ Involvement:

4.    Difficulty swallowing, 

5.  Heartburn, 

6. Bloating, and changes in bowel habits.

7.    Joint and Muscle Pain.

8.    Lung disease and pulmonary hypertension.

9.    Kidney complications.


1.    Autoimmune.

2.    Genetic.

3.    Environmental Triggers.


1.    Clinical Evaluation: You will be taken to a rheumatologist or other healthcare professional  who will assess your symptoms, and do a physical examination, also review your medical history.

2.    Blood Tests: Blood tests could be taken, to see specific auto-antibodies related to scleroderma.

3.    Imaging Studies: You could be taken for a x-ray, CT scans, or MRI scan.

4.    Skin Biopsy: A skin biopsy may be done to find any changes in the skin.

5.   Symptomatic Treatment: You may be given medications to manage your symptoms. 

6.    Disease-Modifying Therapies: These therapies are used to slow down the progression of your fibrosis and organ involvement.

7.    Physical Therapy: You should see a physical therapy, as they can help by keeping your joints flexibility and muscle strength.

8.    Treatment of Complications: You may have specific treatments done to rule out complications, like medications for lung disease or pulmonary hypertension.

9.    Lifestyle Modifications: You should keep to a regular exercise, and have protection from extreme temperatures, as this can help the disease.

Infectious Arthritis.

what is Infectious Arthritis:

Infectious arthritis, also known as septic arthritis, is a condition that mainly affects inflammation of a joint due to an infection, or bacteria. The infection can affect the synovial fluid and tissues within the joint, leading to rapid onset of pain, swelling, and decreased joint function.

Elbow Joint


1.    Acute Onset.

2.    Joint Pain and Swelling.

3.    Fever and Chills.

4.    Redness and Warmth.

5.    Limited Range of Motion.

6.    Risk of Joint Damage.


1.    Bacterial Infection.

2.    Other Microbial Agents.

3.   Factors that increase the risk of developing infectious arthritis include recent joint surgery, joint injections, certain drugs like immunosuppression, and certain medical conditions like diabetes.


1.    Clinical Evaluation: A rheumatologist or infectious disease specialist, will assess symptoms, conduct a physical examination, and review the patient's medical history.

2.    Joint Fluid: some fluid is taken from the affected joint and analyzed. This is examined for the presence of bacteria, white blood cells, and other indicators of infection.

3.    Blood Tests: Include complete blood count (CBC) and inflammatory markers such as erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP).

4.    Imaging Studies: X-rays or other imaging is used to rule out other causes of joint pain.

5.    Antibiotics: Taking antibiotics is crucial for treating infectious arthritis caused by bacteria.

6.    Joint fluid and Drainage: they may remove excess fluid and reduce pressure. In some cases, surgical drainage may be necessary.

7.    Pain Management: supportive care, including rest and elevation of the affected joint, may help.

9.    Monitoring: close monitoring is essential, and adjustments to the antibiotic


Arthritis has a variety of conditions from painful joints to inflammation of the organs. Each type of arthritis has its own  unique symptoms, causes, also the impact that it can have on your life. From the common osteoarthritis that is wear-and-tear of your bones to an autoimmune of rheumatoid arthritis.

When you develop arthritis you may have varied specialists, such as rheumatologists, immunologists, and more. That can help you with your condition, so that it does not worsen.

I hope this article has helped you. Please subscribe to my website, and I will keep you updated on new blogs. Also, if you need to know anything about arthritis, please go to my contact page and leave a message, and I will get back to you.

In the meantime, if this post is informative, I’d be very grateful if you’d help your friends or family if they have a similar condition to tell them. So please share it on Twitter or Facebook or send them an email.

Also don't forget to click the button and get your FREE PDF for more information on the ten different types of arthritis.

I am not a medical professional, and this blog is for information only. If you have any worries, you should consult your doctor.

I hope this blog has helped.


More Information:




Linda Rook

Linda is now retired and has suffered from Osteoarthritis for about 40+ years.  She struggled with her weight until she found the correct one that also helped with her arthritic pain.  Linda was in terrible pain until the physician thought her right hip needed replacement. 

Now Linda has an artificial right hip, which has left her with the left leg shorter than the right.  Therefore, her spine is now wonky, and has arthritis of the lower back, also it seems to be going all over the body, her pain is now in the knees, elbow, wrist, fingers and both hips.

Linda now spends her days writing information to help others with the same conditions, so they do not suffer like Linda.

related posts:

Natural Ways To Decrease Inflammation.

What Supplements Are Good For Arthritis?

Coping With Pregnancy and Chronic Illness.

Get in touch