What Is Arthritis Disease Symptoms 

 August 22, 2023

By  Linda Rook

Pain in the sacroiliac joint.


Arthritis is a complex medical condition that significantly impacts the body's complicated system. The symptoms are inflammation, pain, within the joints.

The effects of arthritis are not just the joints themselves, but the condition can influence various body systems such as the muscles, lungs etc...

This blog will show you how arthritis can affect your body, how you can develop effective management strategies, also delve into how arthritis disrupts the body’s balance and explore the implications.

How Does Arthritis Affect the Body System.

Arthritis is a common disease that affects millions of people worldwide. Arthritis is not a single disease but rather an umbrella term for a group of more than 100 different types that involve inflammation of the joints and the immune system.

The most widespread types of arthritis include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and psoriatic arthritis.

The Basics of Arthritis.

Arthritis primarily affects the joints, which are the areas where two or more bones meet. Joints are the moving parts that are covered by a layer of cartilage, that provides cushioning and therefore prevents bones from rubbing against each other.

The Role of the Immune System.

In certain types of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis, the immune system plays a significant role. Rheumatoid arthritis has another name which is ‘autoimmune disorder’, meaning your immune system mistakenly attacks healthy joint tissues, causing inflammation and damage.

This autoimmune response can also lead to systemic symptoms, such as fatigue, fever, and weight loss.

Nervous System Involvement.

Arthritis can indirectly affect the nervous system through pain signals sent from inflamed joints. Chronic pain can result in a feeling of the nervous system becoming more sensitive to pain signals over time. Which can amplify the awareness of pain, making even minor discomfort feel more intense.

Gastrointestinal and Renal Considerations.

Some medications commonly used to manage arthritis, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), can potentially cause gastrointestinal problems, including ulcers and bleeding.

The Human Nervous System.

Additionally, certain forms of arthritis, like ankylosing spondylitis, or (IBS) irritable bowel syndrome can cause inflammation in other parts of the body, including the eyes and gastrointestinal tract. Furthermore, there is evidence to suggest that chronic inflammation associated with arthritis can impact kidney function over time.

Arthritis and Its Impact On Bones.

The Intricate Connection.

Arthritis affects bones where the bones meet. The joints are formed by two or more bones, held together by ligaments, tendons, and surrounded by a synovial membrane that produces synovial fluid. This fluid acts as a lubricant and shock absorber for the joint.

In arthritis, the cartilage undergoes degeneration and damage. This damage leads to reduced cushioning resulting in the bones rubbing together and therefore causing pain, inflammation, and gradual structural changes.

Osteoarthritis and Bone Health.

Osteoarthritis, the most common type of arthritis, is often referred to as "wear and tear".  It mainly affects older people and is considered by the breakdown of cartilage in the joints. As the cartilage wears away, the protective barrier between bones diminishes, leading to direct bone-on-bone contact.

But OA can also develop if you have a fall.  Such as in my case, I was walking back to work on an icy day, forty years ago, when I slipped, and a kerb went across my right knee cap.  I thought nothing of it, until the pain in my right hip and knee was so bad that I went to see my doctor.  They referred me to a specialist where they said I needed a hip replacement.


Since the operation I am now living with the right leg 3/4 inch longer than the left, I have also got osteoarthritis in both knees, other hip, shoulders, wrist.

Rheumatoid Arthritis and Bone Destruction.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), an autoimmune disorder, takes different stages in affecting bones. In this condition, the body's immune system mistakenly attacks the synovial membrane, leading to inflammation. Chronic inflammation triggers events that contribute to bone destruction.

Cells called osteoclasts, responsible for breaking down bone tissue, become overactive in rheumatoid arthritis. which with excessive activity leads to bone resorption, where bone tissue is broken down faster than it can be replaced. As a result, bone density decreases, and bones become weakened and prone to fractures.

Managing Bone Health in Arthritis.

Managing bone health is a critical aspect of arthritis treatment. While complete reversal of bone damage might not be possible, there are strategies to alleviate the impact of arthritis on bones. These strategies include:

A weekly box of medication.

  • Physical Activity.
  • Medications.
  • Dietary.
  • Weight Management.
  • Occupational and Physical Therapy.

Pain has several different types in arthritis, they are as follows: 

1.    Inflammatory Pain: contributed by swelling, tenderness, and warmth.

2.   Mechanical Pain: As joint structures deteriorate, bones may rub against each other, leading to mechanical pain. This type of pain is often described as aching or throbbing and worsens with movement.

3.    Neuropathic Pain: Chronic inflammation and nerve compression can lead to neuropathic pain, which is often described as burning, tingling, or shooting.

4.    Referred Pain: Arthritis in one joint can lead to pain in nearby areas due to shared nerve pathways.

The Inflammation.

Inflammation is a fundamental component of the body's defence mechanism against injury, infection, and foreign invaders. It involves a complex series of reactions that bring immune cells, nutrients, and healing factors to the affected area. However, in the context of arthritis, this immune response becomes uncontrolled, leading to chronic inflammation even in the absence of infection.

Inflammation in arthritis occurs mainly within the synovium, the membrane that lines the joint cavity. In response to various triggers, immune cells release inflammatory substances like cytokines, which promote blood vessel enlargement and increase the permeability of blood vessel walls.

Managing Inflammation and Pain.

Managing arthritis-related inflammation and pain is complex. The goal is not only to alleviate discomfort but also to interrupt the inflammatory cycle. Several approaches can help achieve this:

heat packs

  • Medications.
  •  Lifestyle Modifications. 
  • Physical Therapy. 
  • Heat and Cold Therapy. 
  • Mind-Body Techniques.


Arthritis is a condition deeply intertwined with inflammation and pain. Understanding the complex interaction between these factors is essential for developing effective management strategies.

By knowing the inflammation, interrupting the pain cycle, and adopting a comprehensive approach to treatment, living with arthritis can experience improved quality of life, increased mobility, and reduced agony.

I hope this article has helped you. Please subscribe to my website, and I will keep you updated on new blogs. Also, if you need to know anything about arthritis, please go to my contact page and leave a message, and I will get back to you.

In the meantime, if this post is informative, I’d be very grateful if you’d help your friends or family if they have a similar condition to tell them. So please share it on Twitter or Facebook or send them an email.

I am not a medical professional, and this blog is for information only. If you have any worries, you should consult your doctor.

I hope this blog has helped.


Linda Rook

Linda is now retired and has suffered from Osteoarthritis for about 40+ years.  She struggled with her weight until she found the correct one that also helped with her arthritic pain.  Linda was in terrible pain until the physician thought her right hip needed replacement. 

Now Linda has an artificial right hip, which has left her with the left leg shorter than the right.  Therefore, her spine is now wonky, and has arthritis of the lower back, also it seems to be going all over the body, her pain is now in the knees, elbow, wrist, fingers and both hips.

Linda now spends her days writing information to help others with the same conditions, so they do not suffer like Linda.

related posts:

Natural Ways To Decrease Inflammation.

What Supplements Are Good For Arthritis?

Coping With Pregnancy and Chronic Illness.

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