What Are Some Autoimmune Disorders? 

 January 4, 2024

By  Linda Rook

Stiffness in the back


In your body you have an immune system that acts as a defence mechanism which protects the body from invaders such as viruses and bacteria.

When this occurs the immune system mistakenly identifies the body's own cells as foreign invaders and attacks, this causes inflammation and damage to various organs and tissues.

In this blog I will explain the connection between autoimmune disorders and the muscular issues.

8 Different Types Of Autoimmune Disorders. 

1. Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA): 

Rheumatoid Arthritis is a common autoimmune disorder, that mainly causes joint inflammation. But the inflammation can extend to the surrounding muscles, resulting in stiffness and limited joint movement. In some cases, though, people can also experience muscle spasms.

Other symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis could be pain, swelling, and stiffness in the joints, also the immune system attacks the synovium, which is the lining of the membranes that surround the joints.

inflammation of the knee
organs can become abnormal

2. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE):

The second one is ‘Systemic Lupus Erythematosus’, this is a systemic autoimmune disease that can affect multiple organs, including the skin, joints, kidneys, etc.

Your immune system produces antibodies that targets the body's cells, this leads to a range of symptoms such as fatigue, joint pain, and skin rashes.

It can also affect various organs, including muscle weakness and some times spasms.

3. Type 1 Diabetes T1D:

Type 1 diabetes is not caused by an attack on the immune system instead it attacks the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. It thinks it is a foreign invaders and attacks and destroys them.

The exact cause of the immune system's attacking the pancreas is not fully understood, but genetic and environmental factors like a viral infection, may contribute to the development of type 1 diabetes in susceptible people.

Diabetes Medication
Nerves in the central nervous system in the brain.

4. Multiple Sclerosis (MS):

Multiple Sclerosis is another type of autoimmune disorder. MS is a neurological autoimmune disorder, the immune system attacks the protective covering of nerve fibres called myelin, which is in the central nervous system.

Which leads to a breakdown in communication between the brain and the rest of the bod.  MS can cause symptoms, including fatigue, difficulty walking, and muscle weakness.

5. Celiac Disease:

Number five is celiac disease that involves the immune system. The immune system responds abnormally to gluten. Gluten is a type of protein that is found in foods with wheat, barley, or rye.

If you develop celiac disease, it means that when you eat gluten products, the immune system mistakenly identifies it as a threat and starts an immune response against the gluten.

This immune response also leads to damage to the lining of the small intestine.

Bag of gluten free pasta.
Rash on the arm or psoriasis.

6. Psoriasis: 

Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition that involves an abnormal immune response, it is not correct to say that psoriasis "attacks" the immune system, but instead, the psoriasis results from an overactive immune system mistakenly triggers inflammation and an accelerated growth of skin cells.

Psoriasis happens because the immune system mistakenly identifies normal skin cells as foreign invaders, leading to an inflammatory response. This immune system causes the skin cells to reproduce at an accelerated rate, leading to the symptoms of psoriasis.

7. Hashimoto's Thyroiditis:

Hashimoto's thyroiditis is another autoimmune disorder, that involves the immune system attacking the thyroid gland. If you develop Hashimoto's thyroiditis it means that you produce in the immune system antibodies that mistakenly target and attack the thyroid tissue.

This immune response leads to inflammation and damage to the thyroid gland, ultimately causing a gradual decline in thyroid function.

The symptoms of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis can include fatigue, weight gain, and sensitivity to cold.

lady touching her inflamed Thyroid
When you have diarrhoea you need toilet rolls

8. Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD):

Inflammatory Bowel Disease is a group of chronic inflammatory disorders that affect the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. The inflammation may contribute to the muscle stiffness and spasms, especially if you are having a flare-up.  There are two types of IBD, which are Crohn's disease CD, and ulcerative colitis UC.

IBD is an inflammation of the digestive tract, leading to a range of symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhoea, weight loss, fatigue, and in severe cases, complications that may require surgery.

I have IBD and found that eating Gluten Free foods help with my flare-ups.

Diagnosis and treatment.

Diagnosing autoimmune disorders often involves a combination of medical history, physical examinations, and laboratory tests. Treatment strategies aim to manage symptoms, reduce inflammation, and control the immune system. Common approaches include:

1.    Medications:

2.    Physical Therapy:

3.    Lifestyle Modifications:

Physio, Balancing Ball


Autoimmune disorders are a varied group of painful and inflamed conditions that can affect various organs and systems in the body.

An early diagnosis and treatment are essential in helping your quality of life.

I hope this article has helped you. Please subscribe to my website, and I will keep you updated on new blogs. Also, if you need to know anything about arthritis, please go to my contact page and leave a message, and I will get back to you.

In the meantime, if this post is informative, I would be very grateful if you would help your friends or family if they have a similar condition to tell them. So please share it on Twitter (X) or Facebook or send them an email.

Also check out my FREE PDF for more information on this article.

I am not a medical professional, and this blog is for information only. If you have any worries, you should consult your doctor.

I hope this blog has helped.


More Reading.



Linda Rook

Linda is now retired and has suffered from Osteoarthritis for about 40+ years.  She struggled with her weight until she found the correct one that also helped with her arthritic pain.  Linda was in terrible pain until the physician thought her right hip needed replacement. 

Now Linda has an artificial right hip, which has left her with the left leg shorter than the right.  Therefore, her spine is now wonky, and has arthritis of the lower back, also it seems to be going all over the body, her pain is now in the knees, elbow, wrist, fingers and both hips.

Linda now spends her days writing information to help others with the same conditions, so they do not suffer like Linda.

related posts:

Natural Ways To Decrease Inflammation.

What Supplements Are Good For Arthritis?

Coping With Pregnancy and Chronic Illness.

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