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What Is The Medical Term For Multiple Immune Diseases? 

 October 6, 2022

By  Linda Rook

Psoriasis - rash on the arm

Introduction.

The immune system is the organs and cells which protect you from bacteria, viruses, parasites and cancer cells. An autoimmune disease is where the immune system inadvertently attacks your body instead.  But, there is no evidence to show why this happens.

People could have three or more autoimmune disorders at the same time. The name for this is ‘Polyautoimmunity’; when multiple autoimmune diseases coexist in one person, it’s called MAS (multiple autoimmune syndromes).

In this blog I shall show you twelve types of arthritis that you may have heard before.

The common type of autoimmune diseases include:

  • Addison disease.
  • Gluten-sensitive or celiac disease.
  • Dermatomyositis. 
  • Graves’ disease. 
  • Hashimoto thyroiditis.
  • Multiple sclerosis. 
  • Myasthenia gravis. 
  • Pernicious anaemia.
  • Gluten Free Foods sign

    What is an autoimmune disease?

    An autoimmune disease is a disorder that happens when your immune system attacks your healthy system by mistake. For example, the immune system, in a healthy person, can tell between a foreign body or your cells.

    But when you have MAS, your immune system mistakes some of the body, for example, your skin or joints, as a foreign body. Instead, it releases proteins called autoantibodies that attack healthy cells.

    Diseases like type 1 diabetes attack the pancreas. Others could be a disease called  'Systemic Lupus Erythematosus' or SLE, which can affect all of the body.  

    Autoimmune diseases can be more common in certain ethnic groups, such as lupus, which is seen mainly in African Americans and Hispanics than in white people.

    Multiple sclerosis and lupus are hereditary. But not all the family will have the same disease, but they are vulnerable to an autoimmune condition.

    Researchers don’t exactly know what causes the autoimmune disease. But the following could be a factor:

    • Genetics.
    • A healthy diet.
    • Or exposure to chemicals and infections.
     The autoimmune disease could cause pain, tiredness (fatigue), headache, rashes, nausea, dizziness and many more. The symptoms can depend on which specific disease you have.


    12 different autoimmune diseases.

    There are over 80 autoimmune diseases. Too many to mention here, so I have put together twelve different diseases.

    1. Diabetes type 1.

    Diabetes Medication

    The first autoimmune disease is diabetes type 1. With diabetes, the pancreas produces the hormone insulin that regulates blood sugar levels and attacks and destroys the insulin that produces the cells in the pancreas.

    The result of high blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels, heart, kidney, nerves and eyes.

    2. Rheumatoid arthritis or RA.

    In this second one is were the immune system attacks joints in the body.  Rheumatoid arthritis can cause stiffness, soreness, warmth to the touch and look red in the joints, and can start at 30 or earlier.

    Whereas osteoarthritis OA causes the elderly or if you have an injury.

    3. Psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis PsA.

    RA of the hand.
    psoriasis

    In a healthy person, the skin cells grow, and when they are no longer needed, they shed. In psoriasis, the skin cells grow too quickly. These extra cells are built up and then form inflamed red patches with a silver scale of plaque on white skin or purplish or dark brown with grey scales on dark skin.

    About 30% of psoriasis also have swelling and stiffness in the joints; this is called psoriatic arthritis.

    4. Multiple Sclerosis MS.

    Multiple sclerosis attacks the nerve cells in the central nervous system called the ‘myelin sheath. When this becomes damaged, it can slow down the speed of messages between the brain, the spine, and the rest of the body.

    The symptoms can be numbness or be able to balance correctly when you stand, weakness, or trouble walking. A study showed that half of the people with MS need help walking within 15 years of getting the disease.

    MS of the brain

    5. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)

    Doctors first thought that lupus was a skin disease as it develops a rash on the skin, but the systemic form of lupus attacks your organs and joints like your kidney, heart and brain.

    The common symptoms are a pain in the joint, fatigue and rashes.

    6. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

    Inflammatory bowel disease is also called irritable bowel syndrome IBS and affects the lining of the intestinal wall.

    Two types of IBD affect different parts of the GI tract.

    • Crohn’s disease is inflammation of any part of your GI tract, from the mouth to your anus.
    • Or ulcerative colitis affects the lining of the large (colon), intestine and rectum.

    The inflammation of the bowels could also be that you are eating gluten products instead of gluten-free, which means that you should not eat dairy products, wheat, rye, and all grain products.  

    7. Addison’s disease.

    IBS - Stomach problems
    Lady fatigued and tired on her laptop.

    Addison’s disease can affect your adrenal glands, which produce the hormones like cortisol, androgen and aldosterone hormones. The symptom is too little cortisol, which impacts how your body can use and store carbohydrates and glucose (sugar).  Any lack of aldosterone leads to sodium deficiency and excess potassium in the blood.

    Symptoms could be that you feel weak or fatigued, you may find that you have lost weight, and you may have low blood sugar levels.

    8. Graves’ disease.

    The graves' disease occurs in your thyroid gland, which is in the neck that produces too many hormones. The thyroid hormone’s job is to control the body’s energy usage, called metabolism.

    When you have too many hormones, they increase the body’s activities that cause symptoms. For example:

  • You will become nervous.
  • You may have a faster heartbeat.
  • You may become heat intolerance.
  • And sudden weight loss.
  • Another symptom is that you could have bulging eyes called exophthalmos.
  • Lose Weight

    9. Sjogren’s syndrome.

    Sjogren’s syndrome commonly attacks the body were it produces fluid or the lubrication gland.  For example tears and saliva glands in the mouth and eyes.   

    The symptoms could be dry eyes and mouth, which can also affect your joints and skin.

    10. Autoimmune vasculitis. 

    Autoimmune vasculitis is where the immune system attacks the blood vessels. The symptoms are that it narrows the arteries and veins, which means less blood flow goes through.

    11. Pernicious anaemia.

    The pernicious anaemia causes a deficiency in a protein made by your digestive lining cells, which is essential for the small intestines to absorb vitamin B12 from the foods you eat.

    If you have a deficiency in vitamin B12, you may become anaemic

    Pernicious anaemia is expected when you get elderly. A study in 2012 found that this disease affects 0.1% of people, but if you are over 60, you have 2% of developing the disease.

    12. Celiac disease.

    The celiac disease attacks the small intestine, part of the gastrointestinal tract. The symptom is inflammation when people eat gluten, a protein found in rye, wheat and grain products.

    As in the IBS disease, people with celiac disease need to shop for gluten-free products.

    Risk factors.

    There could be some risk factors that you should be aware of that may increase your chances of developing any autoimmune disease.

    The risk factors could be:

    • Medication – some medications cause side effects, especially for blood pressure; some antibiotics and statins.
    • Hereditary – you may be at high risk if one of the family has an autoimmune disease as they may run in the family.
    • Smoking – if you smoke, you must stop immediately, as this is a high-risk factor.
    • Multiple – if you already have an autoimmune disease, you may develop another, such as IBS and diabetes.
    • Exposure – you may be at high risk if exposed to toxins.
    • Sex – unfortunately for you women, there is a 78% probability that you could develop an autoimmune disease.
    • Obesity – if you are overweight or obese, you should decrease your weight and eat a healthy diet.
    • Infections – you should avoid getting any infections or any germs.
    Infections

    Symptoms of an autoimmune disease.

    The following symptoms are grouped into the type of disease, they are:

    Disease in the joints and the muscles. (Rheumatoid arthritis)

    • You could have pain and aches or weakness in your muscles.
    • Pain, swelling and stiffness in your joints.
    • Or you could have inflamed joints, or another name is flare-ups.

    Disease in the digestive tract. (IBS)

    • You could have bloating or constipation.
    • Abdominal pain.
    • Food sensitivity (the best is gluten-free products)
    • Acid reflux. (Avoid acidy foods such as citric foods, oranges, lemons, etc…).
    • You may become nauseous.
    • Or you could see blood or mucus in your stools.
    • Disease in the skin (Psoriasis).

      • You may have a rash or/and dry skin.
      • The skin could become itchy.
      • Your eyes and/or mouth could become dry.
      • The skin can be inflamed.
      • Or you can lose your hair.

    Other symptoms of the autoimmune disease could be:

    • You could develop dizziness or headaches.
    • You could feel depressed or anxiety.
    • You may have difficulty in thinking, issues with memory or confusion.
    • Your eyes may suffer as well with blurred vision.
    • Insomnia or migraine.
    • You could become lightheaded.
    • You could feel numbness and/or tingling.
    • Fever or chest pain.
    • Swollen glands.
    • Chest pains.
    • Sudden weight gain or a loss.
    • The heartbeat may be rapid or irregular.
    • You could have shortness of breath.
    • Or sensitive to temperature.
    dizzy

    Sorry, this is a long list, I hope it hasn't panicked you, but I have shown you all of the symptoms.  

    You may only get one or two.

    Treatment of an autoimmune disease.

    Unfortunately, there is no cure for any autoimmune disease, but your symptoms can be managed so that you can have a better lifestyle.

    The treatments can include:

    Medication:

    The following medications can help with autoimmune diseases.

    • Painkillers or Anti-inflammatories.
    • Depression or anxiety meds.
    • Injections for insulin.
    • If you are having difficulty sleeping.
    • Corticosteroids.
    • Rash or pain gels or pills.
    • Or pills that suppress your immune system.
    Medication.
    Herbs and spices

    But, with all medications, there are side effects, so people try alternative medicines such as:

    • Herbs and spices.
    • Acupuncture (I have tried this, but after a while, it did nothing, and it became expensive).
    • Or hypnosis or even chiropractic.

    YOU SHOULD ALWAYS SEE YOUR DOCTOR OR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IF YOU GO ONTO ANYTHING NEW.

    Other treatments.

    It may also help if you exercise for about half an hour each day. The exercises should be low-impact, meaning go for walks, swim, or find a gym and go on their treadmill or cycle.

    NEVER smoke if you already do, then you should stop immediately. Also, avoid toxins.

    It would help if you ate a healthy diet, I have done extensive research into this, and as I have both osteoarthritis and IBS, I have seen that two diets may work The Mediterranean diet or the Dash diet.

    Both diets reduce processed foods, have more fruit and veggies, and much more…

    Conclusion.

    When you live with an autoimmune disease, life can become complicated. Some conditions such as lupus, RA and MS are severe and complex. However, as there is no cure, there are treatments that make your disease go into remission.

    ALWAYS CONSULT WITH YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IF YOU WANT TO GO ONTO SOMETHING NEW OR IF YOU THINK YOU HAVE ANY AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE

    I hope this article has helped you.

    Please subscribe to my website, and I will keep you updated on new blogs or videos. Also, if you need to know anything about arthritis, please go to my contact page and leave a message; I will get back to you within 24 hours.

    In the meantime, if this post is informative, I’d be very grateful if you’d help your friends or family if they have a similar condition to tell them.

    So please share it on Twitter or Facebook or send them an email.

    Linda Rook

    Linda is now retired and has suffered from Osteoarthritis for about 40+ years.  She struggled with her weight until she found the correct one that also helped with her arthritic pain.  Linda was in terrible pain until the physician thought her right hip needed replacement. 


    Now Linda has an artificial right hip, which has left her with the left leg shorter than the right.  Therefore, her spine is now wonky, and has arthritis of the lower back, also it seems to be going all over the body, her pain is now in the knees, elbow, wrist, fingers and both hips.


    Linda now spends her days writing information to help others with the same conditions, so they do not suffer like Linda.


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    Coping With Pregnancy and Chronic Illness.


    Foods to Avoid When Taking Medication.

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